The simplest and the least ergonomic arrangement due to the significant increase of the distance between particular areas.
As in the case of the single-row arrangement, this arrangement requires overcoming relatively long distances between the areas, and thus extends the working time.
A simple arrangement, however, ensuring proper connections within the room due to the proximity of all working areas in the kitchen, more favourable than in the case of the previous two arrangements.
A very advantageous arrangement due to maximum usage of floor area and the proximity of areas towards one another.
Another advantageous arrangement, however, it proves best in large rooms with a shape close to a square. Larger rooms also favour the kitchen island arrangement.
Kitchen with an island proves perfectly in the living room area combined with the kitchen. It separates the kitchen optically, without diminishing the space of the open arrangement of the flat. By means of integrating the kitchen with the living room, the person working in the kitchen remains in contact with the other members of the household. The kitchen becomes the centre of family life.
The kitchen island in the centre – additional advantages of such a solution
The kitchen is associated with pleasure and quality of life. For the vast majority of the society, the kitchen already forms a part of the living room. If a customer wishes to have a passage to the living space or there is a technical possibility, inserting a kitchen island is nowadays a standard. This allows cooking in the centre which enables joint work with family and friends and maintaining eye contact with all the present. The spacial demand for a kitchen island is not greater than in the case of the U-shaped arrangement because the island or peninsular unit replaces the wall that separates the kitchen from the living room and can also be used as a bar or place for a snack.
PLANNING THE KITCHEN AREAS
The entire philosophy of designing the kitchen space is based on the work triangle defined in the 1950s at the Cornell University in the USA. The principle of the work triangle is to arrange the appliances at its vertices. The main elements of furnishing in the kitchen are the refrigerator, sink and stove.
If the kitchen is to be functional, the distances between the elements within the kitchen triangle should not exceed:
- from the refrigerator to the sink: 120-210 cm
- from the sink to the stove: 120-210 cm
- from the refrigerator to the stove: 120-210 cm
KITCHEN AREAS ALONG WITH A LIST OF NECESSARY ELEMENTS
There are 5 areas:
- supply area
- storage area
- washing area
- preparing area
- cooking/baking area
The proper allocation minimises the distances traversed daily by kitchen users.
In addition, the proper assignment of cabinets to defined areas and placing them in the correct order as well as the appropriate assignment of articles to various cabinets greatly enhance the comfort of work.
This area should include the food supplies, those which do not require storage in low temperatures as well as those that must be kept in the refrigerator. Thus the refrigerator, freezer and pantry cabinet are necessary in this area.
Everyday items such as tableware e.g. glass, porcelain, cutlery and all kinds of food containers belong to this area.
In terms of cabinets in the storage area, it is recommended to use wall cabinets for glassware (glasses, wine glasses), coffee tableware, lower cabinets for everyday dinnerware as well as dinnerware for special occasions, drawers for small items and a countertop for the pre-treatment of food.
It is also known as the wet area which should have a sink, dishwasher, space for drying dishes and storing detergents as well as storing and sorting wastes.
This place is ideal for all kinds of waste sorters in the cabinet under the sink, a drawer or cargo for detergents and anti-water mats for the sink cabinet.
Heart of the kitchen. This area should occupy the most central position. As the main working area in the kitchen, this area should contain the main working countertop and enable an access to all the necessary kitchen tools needed to prepare meals, including cutting boards, kitchen work wares, knives, bowls, often used food products such as spices or oil and small appliances like a food processor.
Cabinets with drawers and internal divisions that allow for maintaining order prove to be the best solution for this area. The elements necessary here are drawers for kitchen work wares, a spices drawer, a drawer for the most frequently used food products (salt, sugar, coffee, tea, vinegar, oil), a cabinet with an electrical socket to plug the coffee machine and wireless kettle, lighting for the working countertop under wall cabinets, all kinds of bowls, platters and dishes used for preparing meals, placed in drawers so that the access to them is easy and convenient.
This area should include an oven, a hob, a microwave, a moisture absorber and small household items like pots, pans and lids, baking tins.
High cabinets for enclosing the aforesaid appliances, a plinth drawer for metal baking tins and drawers for pots and lids, are the most comfortable solution for the user to be applied in this area.
For right-handed users, the areas should be planned in a clockwise direction (from left to right). If the user is left-handed, the areas should be arranged in the opposite direction.
THE HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL ARRANGEMENT OF KITCHEN AREAS
The appropriate assignment of articles not only to particular areas but also to proper levels, taking into account the frequency of their usage, is crucial for the comfort of the user.
- Frequently used products placed in easily accessible drawers directly under the countertops or at the lowest level of wall cabinets
- Less frequently used products below or above this level
- Products used occasionally at the highest level of upper cabinets or the lowest level of lower cabinets.